Henry Royce began his electrical and mechanical business in England in 1884. He built his first motor car in 1904 and shortly after entered into a partnership with Charles Rolls, who had a London car sales business. The Rolls-Royce company was then established in 1906 and at the start of World War I moved into aeroplane engines, earning an international reputation for quality engineering.
When Rolls-Royce got into financial difficulties in 1971 it was taken into state ownership. Then in 1980, it was bought by British engineering firm Vickers, before Volkswagen paid £340 million ($456m) for the company in 1998. But since the start of 2003 BMW have produced Rolls-Royce cars, paying Volkswagen £40 million ($53.5m) for the presitgious name and marque.
Harrods was taken over by rival Scottish department store chain House of Fraser in 1959. It then moved into Egyptian hands in 1985 when the Al Fayed brothers bought House of Fraser for £615 million ($841.5m). In 2010 the store changed hands again as Qatar's sovereign wealth fund reportedly paid £1.5 billion ($2 billion) for Harrods' brands, which included the stores, estate agency Harrods Estates and the charter aircraft service, Air Harrods.