Where 30 key nations stand on carbon-neutral goals
Adopted by 196 countries after it was unveiled in 2015, the landmark Paris Agreement is an international treaty that aims to tackle climate change. In its own words, it strives to keep "the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels" and "limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels".
Carbon emissions must reach net zero by 2050 to achieve this and avert climate catastrophe. Every five years, the accord requires each government to submit an updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) plan outlining its measures to cut emissions and adapt to climate impacts.
The first Global Stocktake, which evaluates each nation's latest NDC, will be published ahead of the 2023 UN Climate Change Conference (COP28). Until then, read on to discover the progress 30 key nations are making in reaching their carbon-neutral goals today, with ratings based on insights from the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) and the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI). All dollar amounts in US dollars.