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Is now the time to buy property in Spain?

Cliff D'Arcy
by Lovemoney Staff Cliff D'Arcy on 07 February 2013  |  Comments 7 comments

The Spanish housing market has collapsed, but there are tentative signs of recovery. However, things could well get worse before they get better.

Is now the time to buy property in Spain?

For the past three years, Spain's property market has been going relentlessly backwards, with prices falling for 36 months in a row. But it's now showing the first signs of recovery after five years of pain. So is it a good time to find your very own place in the sun?

The Costa crash

Northern Europeans have been keenly hunting homes across the Spanish mainland and islands since the 1960s. Rich Brits, Germans and Scandinavians bought bargain villas and apartments in order to take advantage of the famed sun, sand and sangria.

However, when the global financial crisis hit in 2008, Spain's highly inflated property bubble burst. In the worst-hit regions, property prices have more than halved, with prices falling 50% or more. On average, home values have fallen by more than a third (36%) since peaking in April 2007.

However, a small glimmer of hope appeared this week. In January, prices were largely unchanged, according to the latest survey conducted by Spanish property website Fotocasa.es and IESE Business School.

As reported on Bloomberg business news, the average price of a Spanish residence last month was €1,890 (£1,631) a square metre. In December, this figure was just €1 more, so this might just mark the beginning of the end of the Spanish property slump. Even so, the yearly decline in prices was nearly a tenth (9.9%) – far worse than anything we've seen here in the UK since 2009.

Cheap places in the sun...

One problem for prospective British buyers is that Spain currently has a two-tier property market. There are the prices you see advertised by estate agents and property developers, and then there are the true prices from sales, which often take place at discounts of up to a quarter (25%) off 'official' prices.

In other words, this is the sort of buyers' market where bargain hunters thrive, snapping up premium properties at bargain-basement prices. This is especially the case in such a stagnant market, where a near-total lack of selling activity means that prices are purely guidelines.

For example, some Spanish banks have been off-loading repossessed (seized) properties at discounts of 60% to 70% from original purchase prices. With such deep markdowns on offer, there should be no need to rush into buying, especially if prices continue to weaken this year.

...but there could be more pain to come

While the arguments for investing in post-crash Spanish property are growing, only fools would rush in to this bombed-out sector without doing their homework first.

Indeed, one leading economic consultancy in Spain, RR. de Acuña & Asociados, warned last December that the Spanish property slump could continue for another 10 to 15 years. The firm expects prices in major cities to fall a further 30% by 2018, while popular coastal regions could see prices halving from their current levels.

This would be a disaster for the estimated 400,000 Brits who already live in or own homes in Spain, some of whom might see their homes fall in value by three-quarters (75%) from peak to trough.

In a strongly worded report, RR. de Acuña & Asociados warned that "The [Spanish property] market is broken," because there are close to two million properties awaiting sale. This unsold stock breaks down as follows:

Used homes on the market

800,000

Completed development units

700,000

Foreclosures

300,000

In foreclosure proceedings

150,000

Under construction

250,000

Total

2.2 million

Of course, classical economic theory tells us that when supply greatly exceeds demand, prices can go only one way: downwards. With a massive glut of 2.2 million unsold homes and only 200,000 to 250,000 properties changing hands each year, Spain has a property overhang that could take a decade to clear.

In this scenario, there is simply no way that the Spanish market can gain any upwards momentum. What's far more likely is that prices will resume their downward slide, before levelling off when Spain's economy finally starts to show sustained strength

The true picture: Spain in numbers

To show you how dangerous it could be to bet on Spanish property right now, I've pulled together some stats on the state of Spain (and the UK) today. As you can see from my table below, there are plenty of problems for property investors to worry about.

Country

Spain

UK

Population

48 million

62 million

Yearly property sales

200,000

900,000

Unemployment rate

26.6%

7.8%

Youth unemployment rate

56.5%

20.2%

Economic growth (2012)

-1.8%

0%

Predicted growth (2013)

-1.3%

0.7%

As you can see, the UK economy was flat in 2012 and is expected to grow slightly this year. Alas, Spain is still firmly in recession, with its economy expected to keep shrinking until 2014. Also, with unemployment running at more than three times the UK's rate of 7.8% and youth unemployment at record high, there seems to be no light at the end of the tunnel for Spain just yet.

What's more, with Spain's 'zombie' banks and property developers locked in a 'death spiral' of fire sales, write-downs, bad debts and defaults, there is no reason to expect any lasting property recovery in the immediate future.

In summary, while property prices in Spain are well below their former highs, they could yet have further to fall. So this is a market only for the brave, foolhardy or risk-hungry!

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Comments (7)

  • yocoxy
    Love rating 152
    yocoxy said

    Keep predicting Nick. What is that four years now that you've been wrong?

    Meanwhile I've paid off my mortgage, I live rent and debt free and the value of my house is not too relevant any more.. No more mortgage rises and no rising rent until the day I die..

    If only I'd spent my time and emotional energy predicting a crash instead of getting on with life and putting solid financial decisions in place to benefit my family in the long term.. Ahh well, life goes on..

    Report on 11 February 2013  |  Love thisLove  1 love
  • NatalieFT
    Love rating 0
    NatalieFT said

    The ever changing market is always important but so is the rate that you get when making your international purchase or indeed sending money back to the UK if you have a property abroad.

    Here are a couple of tips to make sure you get the best rates when moving your money overseas:

    1. Book a Forward Contract. If the exchange rate is in your favour, I would advise you to consider booking a Forward Contract. This will lock the rate in for up to 12 months ahead so you will be protected from the market moving against you – this will possibly save a lot of money when you finally need to make an exchange!

    2. Place a Profit Order. If you have a target rate of exchange you would like to try and achieve then placing a Profit Order will enable you to do this. All you have to do is tell us the rate you would like, the amount of currency you want to exchange and we will monitor the market for you 24/7. If your rate becomes available at any time we’ll automatically book your currency transfer. This means you don’t have to worry about missing the rate you want at 4am.

    3. Rate Alerts. A Rate Alert works exactly the same way as an Order except we don’t book your currency exchange, we simply notify you by email or SMS if your rate becomes available.

    So if you find the perfect property for you and the move is right then just make sure you've prepared your way to pay as the banks can be a costly way to manage it. If you’d like to chat to find out which tool would best suit your needs, please get in touch . More than happy to give you advice on the current market and how to move your money abroad.

    Report on 14 February 2013  |  Love thisLove  0 loves

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